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School readiness and academic achievement are keys to school readiness. In this publication, Purdue researchers describe early math (counting, patterns, sorting, etc.) and provide examples of how to talk about early math  More...
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Reading skills are vital for a child's development. In this publication, Purdue researchers discuss the value of reading with children, the role of dialogic reading and the importance of being curious about what children  More...
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As we explore and implement these new technologies, it is important not to overlook advances in hydraulic nozzle technology and to acknowledge the critical role they play in the application process. In general, a nozzle  More...
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White-tailed deer are an integral piece of Indiana's forest ecosystems. When in balance with the ecosystem, deer can enhance the health of the forest. This publication highlights the various tools available to woodland o  More...
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alternate text here Product Code: FNR-639-W
Deer are an essential part of our ecosystems, but the phenomenon of too many deer should be of concern to forest landowners and the public in general. Deer are a "keystone" species, meaning their browsing can impact fore  More...
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Wherever deer exist, they will be impacting the ecosystem through browsing. But at what level is that impact considered harmful? Many ecologists consider deer impact harmful when deer begin to reduce plant diversity in a  More...
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As Indiana debates harm reduction strategies for substance use disorders, a Purdue researcher urges consideration of an evidence-based approach. Naloxone distribution, syringe exchange programs and fentanyl test strips a  More...
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alternate text here Product Code: AS-693-W
Flies are more than a nuisance for cattle. Their bites are irritating and can transmit diseases, too. In this publication, Purdue University researchers discuss face, horn, stable and house flies along with methods of co  More...
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Eight Midwestern states cooperate in the production of this annually updated guide. It includes production information such as vegetable varieties, soils and fertility as well as recommendations for weed, insect and dise  More...
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Pecking, piling and other behavioral issues are challenges gaining attention as the laying hen industry shifts toward cage-free housing systems. In this publication, Purdue University researchers discuss the factors that  More...
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This publication provides abundant, detailed guidance on scheduling vegetable crops for winter high tunnel production. It includes a fillable scheduling form, a planting date scheduling guide, two scenarios with revenue  More...
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Bovine respiratory disease (BRD) is the costliest and most frequently reported disease in U.S. feedlots. Alternative strategies to diagnose and treat the disease are needed. In this publication, Purdue and other research  More...
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The COVID pandemic has put additional focus and stress on the food supply chain, necessitating a focus on food preservation techniques to protect farmers and consumers. In this publication, Purdue University researchers  More...
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This is the twelfth in a series of consumer guides that describe fish and shellfish farmed in the Midwest region of the United States. The fact sheet also includes culinary characteristics, cooking tips, and a recipe for  More...
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Cocoa-based products are rich in fat and sugar, which can have negative effects on health. In this publication, two Purdue University researchers explain the options available for replacing sugar in chocolate processing,  More...
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Tempering plays a vital role in the production of chocolate. In this publication, researchers from Purdue University and Peru explain how tempering is done, how the process can work for small and artisanal operations, an  More...
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This toolkit is a curated collection of information and resources focused on seafood for educators interested in supplementing existing programs. Topics covered in this publication include the health benefits of eating s  More...
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This bulletin is the last in a three-part series presenting the survey findings that sought to capture how these farmers define what successful urban agriculture (UA) looks like and how these endeavors may enrich their l  More...
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This is the eleventh in a series of consumer guides that describe fish and shellfish farmed in the Midwest region of the United States. The fact sheet also includes culinary characteristics, cooking tips and a recipe for  More...
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This is the tenth in a series of consumer guides that describe fish and shellfish farmed in the Midwest region of the United States. The fact sheet also includes culinary characteristics, cooking tips and a recipe for Gr  More...
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Uno de cada cinco adultos de los Estados Unidos tiene algún problema de salud mental. Es importante entender qué significa "salud mental" para reducir el miedo y el estigma. Esta publicación define salud me  More...
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This 22-page childrens book by Purdue University students helps young readers learn about 12 plants native to Indiana, focusing on where they live and thrive (prairie, forest, forest edge, water edge) and the role of lan  More...
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alternate text here Product Code: FNR-633-W
Tree-of-heaven is a serious threat as an invasive species in many habitats or untended areas. It can reach 80 feet or more, its growth rate outpaces most native tree species, and wind scatters seeds that female trees pro  More...
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Now that most states allow hemp to be grown, and more uses for hemp fiber are found, an increase in production may be ahead. Growers and policymakers will benefit from this publication, by a team of Purdue University res  More...
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Labels on packaged animal products provide information, but often there's more to the story. For animal welfare-related claims, consumers must do their own research. This publication includes a full-page chart that cover  More...
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Navigating the hemp industry, even as production in the U.S. is increasing, can be complicated. This Extension publication by Purdue University researchers highlights the challenges and barriers that hemp growers in five  More...
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This brochure provides basic information about how to become a Purdue Extension Master Gardener volunteer. Updated in July 2023.  More...
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This bulletin, the second in a three-part series, presents the findings of the survey areas which sought to capture greater insight into UA production practices, the most pressing challenges facing UA, the issue areas pr  More...
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This is the ninth in a series of consumer guides that describe fish and shellfish farmed in the Midwest region of the United States. The fact sheet also includes culinary characteristics, cooking tips and a recipe for Pa  More...
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Cold weather can injure fruit and vegetable crops, and ornamental plants, in fall, winter, and spring. This updated publication identifies types of injury, factors that influence the degree of injury, and steps that can  More...
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This publication by Purdue Extension educators explains the steps required to legally fly a UAV or UAS in Indiana.  More...
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Using data from a web-based survey of sod buyers, Purdue researchers investigate marketing opportunities and barriers for fine fescue and tall fescue sod. Their conclusions include the importance of the role that sod gro  More...
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As the fourth-largest peppermint-producing state, Indiana peppermint farmers have a strong interest in controlling Verticillium wilt, a destructive mint disease. Using an online survey, Purdue researchers determined find  More...
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A rain garden is a green infrastructure project that can improve the quality of stormwater, minimize pollution, and enhance biodiversity and pollinator habitat. Purdue, Iowa State and Illinois-Indiana Sea Grant researche  More...
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Clean food contact surfaces are critical to preventing foodborne illnesses and more. Cleaning and sanitizing are commonly used interchangeably, but they are not the same. In this publication, Purdue researchers discuss w  More...
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This is the eighth in a series of consumer guides that describe fish and shellfish farmed in the Midwest region of the United States. The fact sheet also includes culinary characteristics, cooking tips and a recipe for  More...
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This publication summarizes the demographic information of urban agriculturalists in Indiana. The data is part of an urban agriculture needs assessment conducted by Purdue Extension.  More...
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A drought year can affect a beef producer's bottom line for three years. Proper planning and management can minimize the longer-term economic impact. In this publication, Purdue University experts review 18 management pr  More...
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Minnesota researchers have monitored crop water needs to understand the yield benefits of drainage water recycling. This video highlights the challenges and considerations. -----------------------------------------------  More...
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This video shows the goals, challenges, and implementation of a 5 acre reservoir and sub irrigation system at a 100 acre field lacking a drainage outlet in southeastern Michigan. -----------------------------------------  More...
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The Missouri Land Improvement Contractors Association and many others came together to construct a 13-acre reservoir and subirrigation system at a research site in Missouri. This video shows how a large project drainage  More...
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alternate text here Product Code: E-276-W
This project is a guide to integrating Black Soldier Flies into a composting process. The goal of increasing organic matter recycling, generating soil amendments, and protein for small livestock. Impact: reduce input cos  More...
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alternate text here Product Code: AS-692-W
Advancements in rodent detection have led to electronic rodent monitoring systems that perform continuously and accurately. In this publication, Purdue researchers test trademarked Motomco iQ traps powered by Bell Sensin  More...
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Should your farm entity participate in a carbon market? In this publication, a Purdue University educator advises that farm managers should get answers to seven questions before signing up.  More...
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alternate text here Product Code: FNR-629-W
Choosing species of trees that will thrive in urban settings has always required careful consideration, but climate change is making that task even more important. In this paper, Purdue and other researchers provide tool  More...
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alternate text here Product Code: BP-6-W
This publication describes the symptoms and cause of Verticillium wilt disease, how it is diagnosed and management options.  More...
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alternate text here Product Code: AS-687-SWV
Aprenda las guías de inspección del USDA AMS para el saneamiento del equipo de procesamiento de huevos en esta serie de videos. En este módulo, aprenderá acerca de las guías para los si  More...
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alternate text here Product Code: AS-682-SWV
Aprenda las guías de inspección del USDA AMS para el saneamiento del equipo de procesamiento de huevos en esta serie de videos. En este módulo, aprenderá acerca de las guías para los en  More...
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alternate text here Product Code: AS-681-SWV
Aprenda las guías de inspección del USDA AMS para el saneamiento del equipo de procesamiento de huevos en esta serie de videos. En este módulo, aprenderá acerca de las guías para las &a  More...
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alternate text here Product Code: AS-683-SWV
Aprenda las guías de inspección del USDA AMS para el saneamiento del equipo de procesamiento de huevos en esta serie de videos. En este módulo, aprenderá acerca de las guías para las &a  More...
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alternate text here Product Code: AS-673-SWV
Aprenda las guías de inspección del USDA AMS para el saneamiento del equipo de procesamiento de huevos en esta serie de videos. En este módulo, aprenderá acerca de las guías para los si  More...
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alternate text here Product Code: AS-663-SWV
Aprenda las guías de inspección del USDA AMS para el saneamiento del equipo de procesamiento de huevos en esta serie de videos.

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alternate text here Product Code: AS-678-SWV
Aprenda las guías de inspección del USDA AMS para el saneamiento del equipo de procesamiento de huevos en esta serie de videos. En este módulo, aprenderá acerca de las guías para el emp  More...
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alternate text here Product Code: AS-675-SWV
Aprenda las guías de inspección del USDA AMS para el saneamiento del equipo de procesamiento de huevos en esta serie de videos. En este módulo, aprenderá acerca de las guías para los si  More...
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alternate text here Product Code: AS-676-SWV
Aprenda las guías de inspección del USDA AMS para el saneamiento del equipo de procesamiento de huevos en esta serie de videos. En este módulo, aprenderá acerca de las guías para los si  More...
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alternate text here Product Code: AS-677-SWV
Aprenda las guías de inspección del USDA AMS para el saneamiento del equipo de procesamiento de huevos en esta serie de videos. En este módulo, aprenderá acerca de las guías para los si  More...
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alternate text here Product Code: AS-674-SWV
Aprenda las guías de inspección del USDA AMS para el saneamiento del equipo de procesamiento de huevos en esta serie de videos. En este módulo, aprenderá acerca de las guías para los si  More...
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alternate text here Product Code: AS-679-SWV
Aprenda las guías de inspección del USDA AMS para el saneamiento del equipo de procesamiento de huevos en esta serie de videos. En este módulo, aprenderá acerca de las guías para el sis  More...
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alternate text here Product Code: AS-666-SWV
Aprenda las guías de inspección del USDA AMS para el saneamiento del equipo de procesamiento de huevos en esta serie de videos. En este módulo, aprenderá acerca de las guías para la lav  More...
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alternate text here Product Code: AS-653-SWV
Hay mucho que aprender sobre la crianza de pollos en ambiente sin jaulas para producir huevos. Los especialistas en aves de corral de las universidades de Purdue, North Carolina State y Auburn han elaborado una guí  More...
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alternate text here Product Code: AS-669-SWV
Aprenda las guías de inspección del USDA AMS para el saneamiento del equipo de procesamiento de huevos en esta serie de videos. En este módulo, aprenderá acerca de las guías para el equ  More...
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alternate text here Product Code: AS-680-SWV
Aprenda las guías de inspección del USDA AMS para el saneamiento del equipo de procesamiento de huevos en esta serie de videos. En este módulo, aprenderá acerca de las guías para las &a  More...
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alternate text here Product Code: AS-668-SWV
Aprenda las guías de inspección del USDA AMS para el saneamiento del equipo de procesamiento de huevos en esta serie de videos. En este módulo, aprenderá acerca de las guías para los si  More...
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alternate text here Product Code: AS-667-SWV
Aprenda las guías de inspección del USDA AMS para el saneamiento del equipo de procesamiento de huevos en esta serie de videos. En este módulo, aprenderá acerca de las guías para el acu  More...
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alternate text here Product Code: AS-665-SWV
Aprenda las guías de inspección del USDA AMS para el saneamiento del equipo de procesamiento de huevos en esta serie de videos. En este módulo, aprenderá acerca de las guías para el cin  More...
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alternate text here Product Code: VA-36-W
Meeting dogs' behavioral needs in their home environments is paramount to enhance their welfare by reducing stress levels and improving coping abilities. Positive interactions with people and other dogs, regular exercise  More...
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Prenatal stress poses a welfare risk for dams as well as their puppies. This publication, by Purdue researchers, discusses the implications of prenatal stress and suggests strategies for its reduction in commercial-breed  More...
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The brochure is an overview of what a fish producer thinking about small-scale fish processing needs to know. The overview includes training requirements, available facilities and highlights of select farmers who have go  More...
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alternate text here Product Code: AS-690-W
Vaccination is a key part of a successful poultry health program. Misapplication can occur with any vaccine and any equipment. Without the correct technique, the immune response in the flock is impaired. In this publicat  More...
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alternate text here Product Code: AS-689-W
Using a twitch, especially on the upper lip, to restrain a horse is common. However, relatively little scientific evidence exists on whether it has a calming effect or is aversive to horses. In this publication, research  More...
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alternate text here Product Code: AY-378-W
Sorghum is a valuable forage crop but can produce prussic acid (also known as hydrogen cyanide, HCN), which can be toxic to livestock. In this publication, Purdue and Kansas State researchers discuss characteristics affe  More...
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alternate text here Product Code: AY-377-W
If you are using an on-site sewage system, it is wise to learn some do's and dont's. This two-page publication by Purdue University and Indiana Department of Health experts briefly summarizes how such systems work, expla  More...
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This publication uses the Purdue Sod Financial Calculator to analyze the costs and returns associated with growing turf-type tall fescue. It helps sod growers understand capital needs as well as financial risks. Pairs wi  More...
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alternate text here Product Code: AY-379-W
Sulfur deficiency is occurring more frequently in Indiana and Michigan field crops due to decreased sulfur deposition from the atmosphere, increased crop removal due to higher yields, and adoption of cropping practices t  More...
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alternate text here Product Code: ABE-165-W
This publication, part of the Transforming Drainage series, shows how drainage water recycling can improve water quality and crop production. A 10-foot-deep reservoir representing 6% of an Indiana field area met irrigati  More...
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alternate text here Product Code: BP-39-W
Flowering crabapples are susceptible to several diseases that result in yellow leaves and defoliation by early summer. Apple scab is one such disease.  More...
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Online security can be challenging and so can managing passwords for multiple accounts. This publication examines password manager software and explains how it can help users secure their information online.
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See examples of drainage water recycling system construction in Michigan and Missouri. For more information visit the Transforming Drainage we  More...
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Learn about the management of drainage water recycling systems in Missouri and Minnesota, including managing reservoir water levels, irrigation scheduling, controlled drainage systems, and impacts on crop management. Fo  More...
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Learn the factors to be considered in planning, including site suitability, designing systems, experiences with permitting and regulations, and available resources for technical assistance. For more information visit th  More...
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Learn about drainage water recycling, the challenges addressed by the practice, and why there is growing interest in the practice. For more information visit the  More...
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alternate text here Product Code: EC-818-W
A personal relationship with a bank is one of the most important business relationships that a small business owner has. Bankers play a vital role in helping small business owners obtain financing, receive financial advi  More...
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alternate text here Product Code: BP-43-W
White mold, also called Sclerotinia stem rot, is considered a minor disease in Indiana, but can significantly damage fields throughout most of the northern states. It favors cool, wet conditions during early reproductive  More...
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alternate text here Product Code: HHS-848-W
There are a variety of reasons why a program or health initiative might not succeed as hoped. One method to improve the odds of success is the Community Readiness Assessment tool. Purdue Extension Health and Human Scienc  More...
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alternate text here Product Code: FNR-626-W
This print-your-own coloring book provides a fun and active way for children and adults to learn about the many kinds of aquatic animals raised on farms for aquaculture. Each spread highlights one species, pairing a beau  More...
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alternate text here Product Code: TURF-66-W
Which cultivar should you choose? This publication, by two Purdue experts, looks at five fine fescue cultivars that have been evaluated for four or more years in Indiana or neighboring states. For more in this series, se  More...
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alternate text here Product Code: TURF-65-W
In this publication, part of a series, two Purdue experts address recommended management practices and differences among five fine fescue species: strong creeping red fescue, slender creeping red fescue, Chewings fescue,  More...
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alternate text here Product Code: TURF-64-W
Two Purdue experts discuss recommended establishment practices of five fine fescue species/subspecies (strong creeping red fescue, slender creeping red fescue, Chewings fescue, hard fescue, and sheep fescue) that are oft  More...
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alternate text here Product Code: TURF-67-W
Some fine fescues are used in minimal-to-no-mow naturalized areas. This publication, by experts at five universities, covers recommended establishment, management practices and subtle differences among five species/subsp  More...
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alternate text here Product Code: TURF-13-W
Five fine fescue taxa (strong creeping red fescue, slender creeping red fescue, Chewings fescue, hard fescue, and sheep fescue) are often grouped together and called "fine fescues." In this publication, part of a series,  More...
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alternate text here Product Code: TURF-63-W
Five fine fescue taxa (strong creeping red fescue, slender creeping red fescue, Chewings fescue, hard fescue, and sheep fescue) are often grouped together and called "fine fescues." In this publication, part of a series,  More...
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alternate text here Product Code: ABE-166-W
Livestock and poultry manure is a byproduct that can be a valuable resource - or a liability if not managed and utilized appropriately. This is the second of a series of publications: Manure Management, Treatment, and Ut  More...
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alternate text here Product Code: AS-680-WV
Learn USDA AMS inspection guidelines for sanitation of egg processing equipment in this video series. In this module, you will learn about the guidelines for the processing areas.

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alternate text here Product Code: AS-688-W
Bovine respiratory disease is an economically costly and important animal welfare concern for cattle. In this publication, Purdue researchers examine the role of technology in BRD detection, including the pros and cons o  More...
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alternate text here Product Code: ABE-164-W
This 11-page publication describes eight tools that support decision-making for subsurface drainage systems. All tools presented are available at no cost and without creating an account. This publication is part of a ser  More...
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Giardia species are predominant intestinal parasites that are particularly common in dogs kept in kennels and are very difficult to kill with chemical cleaners. In this paper, comparative pathobiology experts discuss how  More...
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alternate text here Product Code: 12-296-W
Coalitions, partnerships, and strategic alliances are buzzwords in public health. But building a coalition or partnership from scratch can be a daunting task. Purdue Extension Health and Human Sciences created a fact she  More...
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alternate text here Product Code: BP-217-W
This report is a summary of applied field crop pathology research trials conducted in 2021 under the direction of the Purdue Field Crop Pathology program in the Department of Botany and Plant Pathology at Purdue Universi  More...
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alternate text here Product Code: AS-681-WV
Learn USDA AMS inspection guidelines for sanitation of egg processing equipment in this video series. In this module, you will learn about the guidelines for the storage areas.

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alternate text here Product Code: AS-682-WV
Learn USDA AMS inspection guidelines for sanitation of egg processing equipment in this video series. In this module, you will learn about the guidelines for the egg coolers.

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alternate text here Product Code: AS-683-WV
Learn USDA AMS inspection guidelines for sanitation of egg processing equipment in this video series. In this module, you will learn about the guidelines for the employee areas and outdoor areas.

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alternate text here Product Code: EC-817-W
The Farm's Legacy: A Guidebook for Intra-Family Succession is a publication authored by the Purdue Succession Planning Team. This guidebook is a culmination of years of firsthand knowledge and expertise with farm familie  More...
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alternate text here Product Code: FNR-624-W
To guide decisions about development, quality of life and public safety, communities create comprehensive plans, parks and recreation plans, multi-hazard mitigation plans, and sub-area plans. Such plans include opportuni  More...
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alternate text here Product Code: ID-526-W
This publication highlights how 10 Indiana communities are implementing smart growth strategies developed by the Smart Growth Network. As part of the Climate Change series, the study builds on another Extension publicati  More...
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alternate text here Product Code: AS-679-WV
Learn USDA AMS inspection guidelines for sanitation of egg processing equipment in this video series. In this module, you will learn about the guidelines for the auxiliary systems.

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alternate text here Product Code: E-275-W
Indoor hemp production presents unique challenges and opportunities for Indiana growers. On one hand, greenhouse environments provide growers with the ability to grow hemp year round while maintaining optimal day-length,  More...
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alternate text here Product Code: ID-527-W
This 9-page publication summarizes advice and themes from seven Indiana farmers involved in organic grain production. It looks at their five farm operations, which were at different points in the organic transition proce  More...
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alternate text here Product Code: FNR-625-W
This is the sixth in a series of consumer guides that describe fish and shellfish farmed in the Midwest region of the United States. The fact sheet also includes culinary characteristics, cooking tips and a recipe for Ze  More...
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alternate text here Product Code: FNR-623-W
This is the fifth in a series of consumer guides that describe fish and shellfish farmed in the Midwest region of the United States. The fact sheet also includes culinary characteristics, cooking tips and a recipe for Sa  More...
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alternate text here Product Code: ID-525-W
Climate change is spotlighting the importance of managing water resources. Building on previous work (ID-524-W, ID-520-W, ID-519-W), in this publication the authors discuss how the One Water approach can benefit urban co  More...
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alternate text here Product Code: BP-206-W
Root problems in plants are frequently under- and misdiagnosed. Sometimes it's too late to save the plant. This publication, part of the Plant Pathology in the Landscape series, discusses predisposing factors, diagnosis,  More...
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alternate text here Product Code: FNR-622-W
This is the fourth in a series of consumer guides that describe fish and shellfish farmed in the Midwest region of the United States. The fact sheet also includes culinary characteristics, cooking tips and a recipe for G  More...
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alternate text here Product Code: AY-376-W
This free, downloadable scorecard is designed for use by students participating in Illinois soil judging contests. Pairs with Illinois Soil Contest Agriculture Scorecard  More...
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alternate text here Product Code: AY-369-W
This field book is an updated (2021), condensed version of Illinois Soils: Evaluation for Agriculture and Home Sites. Students can use this book to prepare for soil judging contests. Includes  More...
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alternate text here Product Code: HO-288-W
Turfgrass is a major specialty crop in the US. In the Midwest, production has been dominated by Kentucky bluegrass. This publication, the first in a forthcoming series, uses data from Indiana and Iowa to assess the econo  More...
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alternate text here Product Code: FNR-567
Ponds and small lakes are complex ecosystems. This publication discusses the living and non-living components of ponds, as well as interactions between these components. Landowners can use this information to better info  More...
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alternate text here Product Code: ID-524-W
Energy-intensive development practices contribute to increasing levels of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere, which are leading to shifting climate patterns. This publication builds on two previous publications -  More...
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alternate text here Product Code: AS-677-WV
Learn USDA AMS inspection guidelines for sanitation of egg processing equipment in this video series. In this module, you will learn about the guidelines for the lower portion of egg packer systems.

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alternate text here Product Code: AS-687-WV
Learn USDA AMS inspection guidelines for sanitation of egg processing equipment in this video series. In this module, you will learn about the guidelines for the upper portion of egg packer systems.

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alternate text here Product Code: TURF-46-W
This publication, formerly AY-338-W and updated in July 2021, describes the life cycle and identification of yellow nutsedge, and recommends cultural and chemical management options in cool- and warm-season turf for prof  More...
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This publication, formerly AY-19-W and updated in July 2021, describes the life cycle and identification of yellow nutsedge and recommends cultural and chemical management options for homeowners. A similar publication, T  More...
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Drainage water recycling is a practice of capturing and storing agricultural surface and subsurface drainage water in a reservoir, and then reusing that water as supplemental irrigation. This innovative approach to drain  More...
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Black and pale Swallow-wort are non-native perennial, herbaceous, twining vines. Not yet well established in Indiana, the vines are highly invasive and grow rapidly, quickly twining around, climbing and overwhelming neig  More...
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The US domestic supply of organic grains is falling short as demand increases. Organic farmers cite barriers that include a lack of understanding about buyers' preferences. This publication presents findings of a researc  More...
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This is the third in a series of consumer guides that describe fish and shellfish farmed in the Midwest region of the United States. The fact sheet also includes culinary characteristics, cooking tips and a recipe for Sa  More...
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Hero's Story time is a set of eight publications for childcare providers, parents and guardians about preschool-age children's storybooks related to social-emotional development strengths that empower children. Each publ  More...
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Hero's Story time is a set of eight publications for childcare providers, parents and guardians about preschool-age children's storybooks related to social-emotional development strengths that empower children. Each publ  More...
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Hero's Story time is a set of eight publications for childcare providers, parents and guardians about preschool-age children's storybooks related to social-emotional development strengths that empower children. Each publ  More...
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Hero's Story time is a set of eight publications for childcare providers, parents and guardians about preschool-age children's storybooks related to social-emotional development strengths that empower children. Each publ  More...
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Hero's Story time is a set of eight publications for childcare providers, parents and guardians about preschool-age children's storybooks related to social-emotional development strengths that empower children. Each publ  More...
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Hero's Story time is a set of eight publications for childcare providers, parents and guardians about preschool-age children's storybooks related to social-emotional development strengths that empower children. Each publ  More...
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Hero's Story time is a set of eight publications for childcare providers, parents and guardians about preschool-age children's storybooks related to social-emotional development strengths that empower children. Each publ  More...
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Hero's Story time is a set of eight publications for childcare providers, parents and guardians about preschool-age children's storybooks related to social-emotional development strengths that empower children. Each publ  More...
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The FB-BRAG (family business balance, resolve, adaptability, growth) is an easy-to-understand tool that allows users to measure family business functioning from a variety of viewpoints. This is an updated publication  More...

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More exotic cats are in captivity than are in the wild, so providing for their welfare is increasingly important. Environmental enrichment can benefit the animals, zoos and zoo workers In this publication, Purdue Univers  More...
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Many landowners are interested in enhancing their property for wildlife. An important step in that process is creating a plan. This publication provides a template to help landowners write a wildlife habitat management p  More...
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This is the second in a series of fact sheets that describe fish and shellfish produced in the Midwest region of the United States. Yellow perch have been popular among anglers for many years, and since 2002, responding  More...
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Anyone who has a home with a yard can help protect and improve water quality. This publication offers practical advice about reducing impervious surfaces, select proper landscape plants, effective management of lawns, in  More...
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Many landowners are interested in enhancing their property for wildlife. An important step in that process is creating a plan. This publication outlines the necessary steps to consider when creating a wildlife habitat ma  More...
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Most greenhouses in the Midwest require temperature control. In this publication, a Purdue University researcher discusses several ways to cool and heat greenhouses. For additional information, see HO-308-W, Heating Requ  More...
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Prussic acid poisoning can be a concern if livestock consume freeze-damaged sorghum plants. This concern can be minimized if management strategies are utilized. This video discusses ways to manage sorghum so prussic acid  More...
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A variety of different types of regeneration openings can be created on properties to provide different structures and species of plants that are suitable to a wild variety of wildlife species. In this episode of Woodlan  More...
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Fish is a healthy choice and this quick guide shares what to look for to ensure fresh fish along with health benefits which includes lowering heart disease and boosting brain health.  More...
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Learn USDA AMS inspection guidelines for sanitation of egg processing equipment in this video series. In this module, you will learn about the guidelines for egg quality detection systems.

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Consumption of fresh fruits is rising in the US, and melons are a popular choice. In this publication, which pairs with Extension publication HO-326-W, Purdue and Michigan State researchers explain how retailers can use  More...
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Not all melons are the same, and that's true for consumers, too. To help marketers and retailers know the difference between Local Melon Lovers, Ripe-For-The-Picking, and Convenient Shopper consumers, this publication us  More...
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Learn USDA AMS inspection guidelines for sanitation of egg processing equipment in this video series. In this module, you will learn about the guidelines for egg removal systems.

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Learn USDA AMS inspection guidelines for sanitation of egg processing equipment in this video series. In this module, you will learn about the guidelines for egg transfer systems.

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Learn USDA AMS inspection guidelines for sanitation of egg processing equipment in this video series. In this module, you will learn about the guidelines for egg carriage systems.

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Bovine Respiratory Disease is the costliest disease in beef and dairy cattle in North America. This publication, from four Purdue University researchers, discusses clinical signs, treatment and diagnosis of BRD and how m  More...
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This publication provides a table that includes the most widely marketed fungicide products to control common diseases in corn. It was updated in January 2021.  More...
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Most dog births go well, without any problems. But being prepared is always a good idea, and this publication, part of the "What to Expect When" series, helps you to know what might be coming and what to do - or not do -  More...
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This publication provides a table that includes the most widely marketed fungicide products to control common foliar diseases in soybean. It was updated in February 2021.  More...
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This publication provides a table that includes the most widely marketed fungicide products to control common seedling diseases in soybean. It was updated in January 2021  More...
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In Indiana, community leaders make decisions about public spaces such as parks, trails, farmers markets, schools, and Main Streets every day that affect the health and wellness of the community. Using Purdue Extension's  More...
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Sows can show minimal signs of pregnancy until close to the time of farrowing. In this publication, part of the "What to Expect When" series, a Purdue University expert explains what owners of domestic and pot-bellied so  More...
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Phosphorus removal structures are a new best management practice for reducing surface water eutrophication by filtering dissolved phosphorus (DP) before it reaches a water body. This document briefly describes how, why,  More...
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Cover crops can improve soil quality and benefit the ecosystem. Farmers use cover crops extensively. This publication, by two Purdue University researchers, explains how home gardeners can benefit from the practice. Plan  More...
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Phytophthora diseases are among the most serious problems of ornamental plants in nurseries, greenhouses and in the landscape. These 'water mold' pathogens affect hundreds of types of plants, including annuals, perennial  More...
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This publication provides guidance for integrating pollinator habitat into solar farms within Indiana. It should be used in conjunction with local ordinances.  More...
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A well-managed woodland can promote wildlife diversity and forest health. Two of the more common techniques that we use are single tree selection and patch-cut harvesting. Used together in the long term, these two techni  More...
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Calving difficulty is the most common reason for calf loss in the beef cattle industry. In this publication, part of the "What to Expect When:" series, a Purdue University veterinarian discusses the stages of labor and e  More...
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Browsing by deer on planted and naturally regenerated hardwood seedlings is one of the greatest obstacles to seedling establishment in many parts of the central hardwood region. In this Woodland Stewardship For Landowner  More...
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Lambing or kidding season is an exciting, but stressful, time. Proper preparation is important. In this publication, part of the "What to expect when series" by Purdue University veterinarians, nutrition, pregnancy, vacc  More...
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Aquaculture is a rapidly growing industry in the United States. This publication describes what sustainable aquaculture is, a sampling of aquaculture species are produced in the Midwest, health benefits associated with e  More...
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This is the first in a series of consumer guides that describe fish and shellfish farmed in the Midwest region of the United States. The fact sheet also includes culinary characteristics, cooking tips and a recipe for B  More...
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Well-maintained trees provide many benefits including increased property values, improved air quality and curb appeal. Trees are living organisms making them vulnerable to pests and environmental extremes resulting in he  More...
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Phytophthora blight is perhaps the most serious disease of cucurbits in Indiana. This updated (2020) bulletin describes the disease cycle, symptoms and management of Phytophthora blight of cucurbits, which has charac  More...

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This Nature of Teaching lesson plan teaches students how transportation of food and food waste affects the environment. Students will expand their vocabulary, broaden their geography and have fun working on their math sk  More...
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Fruit production in Indiana is growing, and more fruit is being sold at farmers markets. In this publication, the second of three related articles (HO-319-W and HO-321-W), three Purdue University researchers discuss how  More...
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Demand for locally produced foods has grown significantly. Farmers markets are an important sales outlet for specialty crops farmers. In the third of three related publications (HO-319-W and HO-320-W), two Purdue Univers  More...
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High tunnels, also called hoop houses, are a form of protected agriculture. The plastic-covered structure blocks rain, snow and strong wind that crops are exposed to when growing in the open field. Seedless cucumber is o  More...
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Thinking about raising poultry in your backyard? You aren't alone. Interest in backyard chickens (and ducks and turkeys) is growing. From a food safety perspective, two Purdue University researchers offer advice (first,  More...
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Can fertilizer electrical conductivity (EC) measurements substitute for substrate EC measurements? To find out, two Purdue University researchers experimented with four petunia varieties for a publication that is part of  More...
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Foodborne illness is an economic burden to public health; one in six Americans are sickened annually from consuming contaminated food. Teenagers are increasingly involved in food handling. This curriculum, based on the  More...
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This publication, by three Purdue researchers, is another in a series about Home-based Vendors. It focuses on major food-handling and sanitation practices, including personal hygiene, cleaning and sanitation, safe food s  More...
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Explore a jungle, a coral reef and a grassland along with listening to recordings around the world. This iListen.org guide gives students the opportunity to enter the soundscape lab and learn about soundscape ecology and  More...
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This curriculum will walk students through the physics of sound, animal communication, listening to the soundscapes around us while analyzing and exploring sound. The activities contained in this package take students t  More...
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COVID-19 has changed family and school routines. This publication offers practical advice and resources for parenting through the coronavirus outbreak as safety guidelines continue to evolve.  More...
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Plant Growth Regulators (PGRs) can be a management tool for reducing labor needs in the Green Industry. Building on the two other publications in this series, Purdue researchers present four analyses that show how PGRs c  More...
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This publication provides an overview of how changing climate conditions will affect Indiana and the Midwest and offers sensible strategies for coping with these changes. Understanding past and future environmental chang  More...
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This publication is the second of three articles illustrating the economics of plant growth regulators (PGRs) in the landscape industry. Using a sensitivity analysis, two Purdue researchers analyze how changes in hourly  More...
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Labor is a large expense for the landscape services industry. This publication, the first in a three-part series, addresses the labor and dollar savings of applying plant growth regulators (PGRs) in three shrubs located  More...
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Crop farmers who transition to certified organic grains report higher per-acre returns and enhanced economic stability. Organic production practices also support farmers' ability to manage excess nutrients, promote biolo  More...
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This publication by Purdue University researchers provides a disease management schedule for Indiana commercial peach growers.  More...
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This publication introduces smart sensing techniques for protected horticulture systems using a smartphone to help monitor several plant traits. After growers capture plant images with the smartphone camera and send imag  More...
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Farmers markets are an increasingly important component of US local food systems. This publication provides weekly prices of the 20 most sold vegetables at Indiana farmers markets during the 2019 market season. Data come  More...
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The COVID-19 pandemic has caused supply chain disruptions to nearly every commodity, including the swine industry. This has left many producers searching for alternative strategies to market their livestock and consumers  More...
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Despite strong evidence that climate change is happening, many people do not realize the urgency with which we need to act, nor do they fully understand the types of impacts facing their communities. This publication pro  More...
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The world around us is full of amazing sounds that are often ignored by humans. Unfortunately, many of the sources of these sounds are actually in danger of being destroyed by human activities. The activities contained i  More...
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One in nine Americans struggles to have access to enough food, also known as food insecurity. When households have trouble getting enough food, this can lead to stress and other health problems. This publication, from Pu  More...
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This Community Soundscape Planning Guide is to be used by communities in the United States and other places, to focus land use planning within the context of the sonic spaces of built and natural areas locally.

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This guide provides best practices for charter operators, captains, crew and customers to minimize the risk of COVID-19 for charter fishing in southern Lake Michigan. The guide covers measures that operators and customer  More...
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Land use planners in the Great Lakes region make recommendations that can affect the quality and quantity of ground and surface water resources. Challenges include a lack of up-to-date data, and insufficient political an  More...
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Part 2 of a 3-part series on a 35-year drainage study at the Southeast Purdue Agricultural Center in Butlerville, Indiana. Dr. Eileen Kladivko discusses the effects of drainage on cover crop growth and the effectiveness  More...
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This is Part 1 of a 3-part series on a 35-year drainage study at the Southeast Purdue Agricultural Center in Butlerville, Indiana. Dr. Eileen Kladivko discusses cash crop establishment and yield as affected by drain spac  More...
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Subsurface "tile" drainage is an essential agricultural water management practice on naturally poorly drained soils. This publication presents a brief synopsis of key takeaways from a 35-year study at the Southeast Purdu  More...
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Part 3 of a 3-part series on a 35-year drainage study at the Southeast Purdue Agricultural Center in Butlerville, Indiana. Dr. Eileen Kladivko discusses drain spacing effects on the amount of water and nitrate-nitrogen l  More...
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In the eight states in the Great Lakes region, those who make land use plans and natural resource management decisions must keep ecological integrity in mind. In this publication, Purdue University researchers discuss so  More...
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A variety of privets have been introduced into the United States from China, Europe and North Africa. Privet has been used as an ornamental plant, particularly as a hedgerow plant, but has since became an invasive specie  More...
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Early-flowering varieties of petunia may have different fertilizer needs than late-flowering varieties. However, fertilizer recommendations are usually not variety-specific. This fact sheet provides information on the op  More...
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There are several ways to sell timber from your property. One of those methods is a sealed bid timber sale. A sealed bid timber sale minimizes risks to landowners by using a professional forester to assist with the entir  More...
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Native to Eurasia, common buckthorn was introduced into the United States as an ornamental plant, but has since invaded our woodlands as an invasive plant. Common buckthorn is becoming more common in Indiana.

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The Environmental Quality Incentives Program (EQIP) is a cost-share program administered through the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) that helps woodland owners remove invasive plants from the landscape, an  More...
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Japanese barberry is an invasive plant that is originally from Japan, but has been introduced into the United States as an ornamental plant.

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Autumn-olive is an invasive plant that is originally from Asia, but has been introduced into the United States for erosion control, and wildlife food and cover.

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Resourceful Animal Relationships is one unit in a series available from The Nature of Teaching site: Click Here - the place to go for teaching resources that fo  More...
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Good fishing is just one of the benefits that ponds provide Indiana landowners. But proper planning and ongoing management are essential. This publication, part of our Pond Management series, will help you develop a plan  More...
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Ponds can provide landowners with fishing for sport and food. But careful planning and ongoing management are required. In this publication, Purdue University researchers offer a template for pond owners to record inform  More...
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Disasters and pandemics can quickly cause disruptions up and down the food supply chain. But farmers, entrepreneurs and other producers have options, two Purdue University professors say, such as thermal processing of ra  More...
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Learn USDA AMS inspection guidelines for sanitation of egg processing equipment in this video series. In this module, you will learn about the guidelines for the egg drying equipment.

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Learn USDA AMS inspection guidelines for sanitation of egg processing equipment in this video series. In this module, you will learn about the guidelines for sanitizer systems.

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This unit, part of the Nature of Teaching series, highlights the effect of environmental contaminants on the health of wildlife and ecosystems  More...
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This unit, part of the Nature of Teaching series, introduces students to basic principles of disease ecology, including the diversity of parasites, how diseases are modeled, and how parasites and hosts interact.  More...
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The unprecedented challenges presented by the COVID-19 pandemic may force produce growers to modify their businesses and procedures. In this publication, Purdue University and the Indiana State Department of Agriculture  More...
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Animal welfare is more than the treatment an animal receives. In this publication, a Purdue University professor explains the terms associated with this increasingly relevant topic and shows how understanding what animal  More...
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Consumer demand for locally grown and fresh, leafy greens is rising. Not much is known about how individual varieties perform in hydroponic culture. 24 varieties from Romaine, Leaf, Oakleaf, and Head types were grown in  More...
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Stay-at-home requirements and other COVID-19 pandemic-related concerns can add considerable stress to everyday life. In this publication, two Purdue University researchers compile suggestions to consider when you feel as  More...
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Greenhouse hydroponics allow for year-round production of lettuce and other leafy greens, but heating can be expensive. Cold tolerance was tested for 24 varieties and found that air temperatures of 60 degrees Fahrenheit  More...
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Growth rates differ for lettuce varieties grown in the Midwest. By comparing several varieties and types under different fertilizer concentrations using NFT and CFT production systems, we provide growers with fertilizer  More...
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In this publication, a Purdue University researcher discusses ways to slow plant growth - a major concern for greenhouse owners during the COVID-19 pandemic. Sales are down but ornamental plants continue to grow. It's im  More...
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Learn USDA AMS inspection guidelines for sanitation of egg processing equipment in this video series. In this module, you will learn about the guidelines for the accumulator.

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Learn USDA AMS inspection guidelines for sanitation of egg processing equipment in this video series.

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This updated publication provides a disease management schedule for Indiana commercial apple growers.

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Purdue Extension and the Indiana Land Resources Council collaboratively developed the Community Planning for Agriculture and Natural Resources: A Guide for Local Government to support plan commission members as well as l  More...
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The Conservation through Community Leadership(CCL) program serves as a roadmap for communities tackling complex land use and natural resource management challenges. The program provides information, tools, and resources  More...
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Through the decision support system, Tipping Point Planner (tippingpointplanner.org), communities in Great Lakes states can plan for a sustainable future by directly linking data to the local decision-making process. Wit  More...
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This updated brochure, by two Purdue University School of Nursing professors, discusses ways to create safe sleeping environments for infants. It also covers Sudden Unexpected Infant Death and bed-sharing. It lists do's  More...
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As the COVID-19 pandemic evolves, food safety is a growing concern. This publication, by a Purdue University professor, provides guidance to Purdue University Extension Educators as they help educate consumers about step  More...
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As the COVID-19 pandemic evolves, food safety is a growing concern. This publication, by a Purdue University professor, provides guidance to Purdue University Extension Educators as they help educate consumers about step  More...
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As the COVID-19 pandemic evolves, food safety is a growing concern. This publication, by a Purdue University professor, provides guidance to Purdue University Extension Educators as they help educate consumers about step  More...
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As the COVID-19 pandemic evolves, food safety is a growing concern. This publication, by a Purdue University professor, provides guidance to Purdue University Extension Educators as they help educate consumers about step  More...
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Preventive services (screenings, check-ups, etc.) can be very beneficial for individuals of all ages. In this paper, part of the Aging Well series, Purdue University School of Nursing describes the benefits of preventive  More...
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Many trees, shrubs, and other ornamental plantings in Indiana suffer from iron deficiency induced by high (alkaline) soil pH. A primary symptom resulting from iron deficiency is leaf yellowing, also known as chlorosis. P  More...
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Many woodland landowners are interested in improving their properties for one of Indiana's most abundant game animals, white-tailed deer. This publication outlines different options landowners have to enhance white-taile  More...
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Bird migration is one of the greatest phenomena of the natural world. Birds depend on suitable habitats to rest and refuel. In this publication, a Purdue researcher describes ways to manage your backyard to attract birds  More...
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This report is a summary of applied field crop pathology research trials conducted in 2019 under the direction of the Purdue Field Crop Pathology program in the Department of Botany and Plant Pathology at Purdue Universi  More...
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Indiana law allows a home-based vendor (HBV) to be exempt from regulation as ''food establishments.'' This publication, by four Purdue researchers, will help HBVs understand safe food handling practices and labeling requ  More...
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Arguments can be made in favor of and against the tethering of dogs. Three Purdue University researchers evaluate current research, including implementation and effects on welfare.

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One in five adults in the United States deals with mental health issues. It is important to understand what "mental health" means to lessen fears and stigma. This publication defines mental health and stigma, shares some  More...
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No vaccine is available to counter the coronavirus outbreak. Lessons from norovirus prevention tell us that enhanced personal hygiene is one method to protect ourselves and others. In this paper, available in English and  More...
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No vaccine is available to counter the coronavirus outbreak. Lessons from norovirus prevention tell us that enhanced personal hygiene is one method to protect ourselves and others. In this paper, available in English and  More...
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No vaccine is available to counter the coronavirus outbreak. Lessons from norovirus prevention tell us that enhanced personal hygiene is one method to protect ourselves and others. In this paper, available in English and  More...
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Simple interactions early in a puppy’s life may increase an ability to learn and cope successfully with stress. Three Purdue University researchers say Early Neurological Stimulation (ENS) may be a useful intervention.  More...
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This card will help drivers and supervisors know first steps to take after every crash. Keep a card in every vehicle and office in case of an emergency.

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Trees in the landscape are highly prized and provide many benefits to you and your home. However, those shallow roots that appear on the surface of our lawns can create real headaches, especially when trying to grow l  More...

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Dogs can understand hundreds of human words, but it is up to humans to understand when a dog's well-being is in jeopardy. This publication, part of a series about the well-being of animals, provides guidance on what to l  More...
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Is that purr a sign of contentment or anxiety? Cat owners come to know that either answer can be correct. This publication provides basic information about how to care for the most popular pet in the United States.

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This information sheet provides an overview of goat well-being including how to provide appropriate care, interpret goat behavior, and identify signs of poor well-being.

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Cantaloupes are subject to bacterial contamination. To minimize contamination with salmonella and listeria, consumers are encouraged to clean cantaloupe before consumption. In this publication, Purdue University exper  More...

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Sensory analysis is one of two methods that producers use when buying appropriate hay to meet animal requirements in a cost-effective manner. A forage test is the other. In this paper, two Purdue University experts ex  More...

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Diplodia tip blight is a common fungal disease of stressed conifers caused by the fungus Diplodia sapinea. Two-needled pines are most commonly infected, including Austrian or black pine, Mugo pine, ponderosa pine, red pi  More...
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Winged burning bush has been designated as an invasive species in the U.S. Learn more about the identification, distribution, impact, management and control of this deciduous shrub found in Indiana hardwood forests.

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The tag, label or placard on a bag of seed allows consumers to make informed choices. In this publication, a Purdue University expert explains seed tags and the regulations that seek to assure consumers that what they  More...

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This unit of three lessons highlights the effects of food waste on water quality, climate change, and wildlife. In addition to a lesson overview and rundown of teacher materials, the unit includes three lessons: ''Foo  More...

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The liquids used in electronic cigarettes contain nicotine, flavorings and other chemicals. The devices are popular among teenagers, but the contents, and dangers, of vaping are not always known. In this publication, thr  More...
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This unit of two lessons teaches students reasons and solutions for food waste at school and home. In addition to a lesson overview and rundown of teacher materials, the unit includes two lessons: ''Food Waste Solutio  More...

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Specialists from Purdue Extension-Forestry and Natural Resources describe the invasive species Burning Bush and what we can do to stop the spread of this species in our forest.

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Respiratory disease is one of the leading causes of illness in young dairy calves, and it’s costly to producers. A lung ultrasound scoring system offers a way to diagnose such infections quickly. In this publication, two  More...
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This publication discusses the benefits of several agricultural best management practices for protecting or improving water quality. These BMPs are used in the Long-Term Hydrologic Impact Assessment model in the Tipping  More...
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This publication discusses the benefits of several urban best management practices for protecting or improving water quality. These BMPs are used in the Long-Term Hydrologic Impact Assessment model in the Tipping Point P  More...
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Trees provide many benefits and value to property owners in functional, aesthetic, social, environmental, and even economic ways. Functional benefits include mitigating climate change by storing carbon, removing pollu  More...

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This lesson will teach students all about trees, including the life cycle of a tree, the function of different parts of a tree, and the use for and value of different wood products.

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To produce hydroponically grow crops, such as lettuce, in greenhouses during Indiana winters, heating is required. However, the cost can be high. This publication helps greenhouse growers calculate whether the cost of  More...

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The 2017 Census of Agriculture, data courtesy of the USDA, shows that Indiana seems to be adapting to the changing economic climate: Bigger large farms, more smaller operations, and a positive outlook for the Indiana  More...

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This unit provides introductory lesson plans that allow students to explore nature and understand the health benefits of being outside. Activities encompass 2 of the 3 signature programs of The Nature of Teaching (Wil  More...

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This publication, by a Clinical Assistant Professor in the Purdue College of Veterinary Medicine, calls attention to coxiellosis, an infectious disease that can affect animals and humans. It's a hardy bacteria that ca  More...

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The amount of light available in a day for photosynthesis is called the daily light integral. Solar DLI varies, and this publication shows how understanding the variation can assist Indiana growers using high tunnels  More...

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This publication provides the 2018 prices of the most frequently sold fruits, non-leafy vegetables, leafy greens, and other specialty crops offered at 12 farmers markets in Indiana. Indiana farmers markets differ grea  More...

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Learn how to keep your food safe on the grill from Purdue Food Science.

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The recipe in this document provides an introductory approach to integrating a cover crop into a corn-soybean rotation. Often the easiest place to begin is to plant a cover crop ahead of a soybean cash crop following  More...

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The recipe in this document provides an introductory approach to integrating a cover crop into a corn-soybean rotation. Planting a cover crop ahead of a soybean cash crop is often the easiest way to introduce cover cr  More...

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This publication briefly describes the benefits of growing cover crops on prevented planting acres and provides guidance for selecting and seeding cover crops on these acres.

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Regular physical activity can have a major impact on one's overall health, and walking is one of the best choices. In this updated publication, a Purdue School of Nursing professor explains how to get started, set goa  More...

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Domestic demand for organic grains exceeds production. A lack of available information on marketing opportunities, supply and demand volumes, and pricing information might deter some farmers from making the switch. Th  More...

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This information sheet provides an overview of sheep well-being including how to provide appropriate care, interpret sheep behavior, and identify signs of poor well-being.

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This publication, by Purdue University and the Indiana Department of Natural Resources, informs the nursery and landscape industry about new state regulations regarding invasive plant species. The rules are effective  More...

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This free, downloadable card is designed for use by students participating in Illinois soil judging contests. Pairs with  More...

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This free, downloadable scorecard is designed for use by students participating in Illinois soil judging contests. Pairs with  More...

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This article advises sheep and goat owners on the importance of colostrum, the first milk produced after birth, which is essential for the survival of newborn lambs and kids. It discusses benefits of using high-qualit  More...

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Understanding adaptations for aquatic amphibians can help humans learn more about healthy ecosystems. Through this educational unit, students will be able to explain how amphibian adaptations benefit survival, describ  More...

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When Thanksgiving draws near, it's time to start preparing your turkey! Purdue Food Science shares some food safety tips for thawing, preparing, cooking, and storing this festive bird.

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The Great Lakes are home to eight species of salmon and trout. These species can be difficult to distinguish from each other as they overlap in their distributions and change appearance depending on their habitat and  More...

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Making excellent quality hay is a process that requires proper use of the right harvest equipment at the right stage of forage growth. Doing this will minimize yield and quality losses so nutritional needs of livesto  More...

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To make excellent quality hay, the forage needs to be cut at the right growth stage and packaged into a bale at the right moisture content without incidence of rain damage. Baling hay too wet can result in mold format  More...

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Frost seeding or broadcasting seed on the ground during the dormant season is an effective method to establish native grass and forb plantings for wildlife as well as food plot plantings like clover. This video will p  More...

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Homeowners commonly set box traps to capture and remove wildlife from their home or yard. Setting a box trap improperly can decrease their effectiveness and even lead to safety risks to both people and wildlife. The p  More...

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This bulletin provides trial reports for many vegetable varieties including cantaloupe, pickling cucumber, pepper, pumpkin, summer squash and zucchini, sweet corn, tomato, and watermelon. Lists of vegetable seed sour  More...

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In a high tunnel or hoophouse, vegetable growers can influence three crucial factors: light, temperature and relative humidity. In this publication, Purdue Extension experts discuss practical suggestions for managing  More...

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The introduction in the 1990s of dressenid mussels and round goby in Lake Michigan continues to affect the diets of some salmonine species. As the lake's ecosystem changes, brown trout, lake trout and steelhead have c  More...

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Many of Indiana's forests have been dominated by oak and hickory trees for thousands of years. The historical conditions that shaped today's forests have changed, altering forest composition and leading land managers  More...

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This publication discusses our current knowledge of tar spot, describes diseases commonly confused with the disease, and  More...

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Nearly 20 percent of the 1 million septic systems in Indiana are inadequate, have failed or are in the process of failing. This updated publication helps homeowners understand the types of failures and offers advice f  More...

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This article explores the influence of economic, cultural, and religious factors on attitudes toward animal welfare in developing nations.  More...

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There is much to learn about raising chickens in a cage-free environment to produce eggs. Poultry specialists from Purdue, North Carolina State and Auburn universities have put together a primer of things you need to  More...

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Injurious pecking is a major animal welfare and economic concern in poultry and other captive birds because it may cause severe damage and death in some cases. This article discusses types of injurious pecking, potent  More...

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This article will help farmers and entrepreneurs who produce food products in their homes for sale at farmers markets and roadside stands to navigate h  More...

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Grafting cucumber with squash rootstock (Cucurbita maxima, C. Moschata and C. maxima X C. moschata) has proven to be an effective approach to improving cucumber's cold tolerance. Vegetable growers are likely to benef  More...

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Tomatoes are a major specialty crop for Indiana vegetable farmers. This Purdue study looks at price data from farmers markets and grocery stores and finds that produce sold at farmers markets is not necessarily more e  More...

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As organic food sales increase, the relationship between farmers and growers grows in importance. This study, by a Purdue University professor, looks at the decision-making process and the barriers and motives of org  More...

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The lifeblood of non-profits are the donors who provide funding for projects and the volunteers who carry out the mission of the organization. Critical components to sustaining the mission of non-profits include the a  More...

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More than 50 commercial manure additive products are currently available in North America. This publication by two Purdue professors, the first in a series called "Manure Management, Treatment, and Utilization," provi  More...

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This unit highlights the resources required to produce food and the food wasted along each step of the food production system. It contains two lessons: Producers, Consumers, and Natural Resources; and Food Waste from  More...

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This field book is a condensed version of Indiana Soils: Evaluation for Agriculture and Home Sites, which is the basic publication for teaching soil science and conducting soil judging contests.

The intent for  More...

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This publication provides information about boxwood blight (a fungal disease that affects boxwood plants); images of the symptoms and signs of this fungal disease and management options.

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We call them pigs, swine, hogs and several other names. Regardless, their well-being is an important issue for consumers, the industry, and, of course, to the animals. In this publication, a Purdue University professo  More...

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These student study guides leverage the book How to Feed the World to teach students about the causes and po  More...

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This is a companion document to the How to Feed the World: Student Study Guide that is also available for download in the Education Store. The Teacher's Guide provides detailed instructions and suggestions for how to  More...

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This Unit includes five lesson plans: Animal Tracks, Scent Stations, Indoor Track Casting, Outdoor Track Casting and Animal Tracking. On the Nature of Teaching website teachers can find free lesson plans, printables, pos  More...
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This Nature of Teaching lesson plan teaches students the relationship between outdoor experiences and mental health.

Do you remember when you were a child, and your parent/caretaker used to say, "Go outside and  More...

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Soil testing is an integral part of a soil fertility management program. Effective soil testing provides information on the fertility status of soils within a field that can be used for making fertilizer or lime appli  More...

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This guide will help growers select integrated pest management practices (IPM) to manage weeds, diseases, and insects in hops in Indiana. It also lists pesticides registered for hops in Indiana if their use is warranted.  More...
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This video explains and demonstrates the important concept of body condition scoring in sheep. Body condition scoring is an important management tool to help producers evaluate the nutritional and health status of ei  More...

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A saturated buffer is an innovative practice that can remove substantial nitrate from field tile drainage water before it is discharged into streams or ditches. This publication, part of the Transforming Drainage project  More...
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Horses have been important to humans for millennia, and even those who have never ridden or even petted a horse care about their well-being. In this publication, a Purdue University professor discusses well-being fro  More...

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Consumers have many options when it comes to eggs, including eggs labeled as "cage-free". This paper explains how cage-free eggs are produced at the farm level as well as the benefits and challenges associated with c  More...

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Fusarium wilt is one of the most serious watermelon diseases in Indiana. This publication describes the cycle and symptoms of Fusarium wilt and offers management recommendations  More...

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How do I remedy poor branching? Is my tree at risk of splitting, and how can pruning prevent that? Corrective pruning has many implications for tree structure, health, and longevity. Developing a strong, central branc  More...

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Downy mildew causes a severe foliar disease of all cucurbit crops, which include cucumber, gourd, cantaloupe, squash, watermelon, and zucchini. However, in Indiana, downy mildew does not occur consistently each year.  More...

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The well-being of poultry is an important issue for consumers, the poultry industry, and, of course, to the animals. In this publication, a Purdue University professor discusses well-being from several angles, includi  More...

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This publication is a resource for those who are considering high tunnel production or are relative beginners. This resource describes: selecting the right size and type of high tunnel for your operation, choosing a s  More...

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